Exploring the value of Fish and Seafood in Human Nutrition overview by Mekdar.com
استكشاف قيمة الأسماك والمأكولات البحرية في تغذية الإنسان ... مع مقدار

Exploring the value of Fish and Seafood in Human Nutrition - استكشاف قيمة الأسماك والمأكولات البحرية في تغذية الإنسان

Learn about the benefits of including fish and seafood in your diet. This article presents reliable sources and documented citations

Fish and seafood have been a part of the human diet for thousands of years, and they continue to be an important source of nutrition today. In recent years, there has been growing interest in the health benefits of consuming fish and seafood due to their rich content of essential nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, protein, and vitamins. This article presents a comprehensive analysis of the role of fish and seafood in human nutrition, drawing upon reliable sources and documented citations..







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Fish and Sea Food were mentioned in the Holy Quran Many times; 
They were refered to as "Tender meat"  in  some verses of the Holy Quran:

 Surah Al-Nahl(16), Verse 14: "And He is the One Who has subjected the sea, so from it you may eat tender meat (seafood) and extract ornaments to wear. And you see the ships ploughing their way through it, so you may seek His bounty and give thanks ˹to Him˺."

Surah Fatir(35), Verse 12: " The two seas (bodies of water) are not alike: one is sweet, palatable, and pleasant to drink and the other is salty and bitter. Yet from them both you eat tender meat (fish and seafood) and extract ornaments to wear. And you see the ships ploughing their way through both, so you may seek His bounty and give thanks ˹to Him˺."

Fish was mentioned also in the Holy Quran: 

 Surah Al-A'raf (7), Verse 163: "Ask them ˹O Prophet˺ about ˹the people of˺ the town which was by the sea, who broke the Sabbath. During the Sabbath, ˹abundant˺ fish would come to them clearly visible, but on other days the fish were never seen. In this way We tested them for their rebelliousness."

Surah Al-Kahf (18), Verse 61: "But when they reached the point where the seas met, they forgot their fish, and it made its way into the sea, slipping away ."

Surah Al-Kahf (18), Verse 63: "But He replied, “Do you remember when we rested by the rock? ˹That is when˺ I forgot the fish. None made me forget to mention this except Satan. And the fish made its way into the sea in a strange way.”"




Historical Note

- Fish and seafood have been a traditional part of the human diet for many cultures for centuries, especially in coastal regions and islands. Fish and seafood have contributed to food security, livelihoods and trade for many communities around the world. 

- Fish and seafood consumption has increased over time, due to population growth, income growth, urbanization and globalization. The average person now eats almost twice as much seafood as half a century ago. Global fish production has quadrupled over the past 50 years. 

- Aquaculture, or the farming of aquatic organisms, is the fastest growing food production sector and has the potential to meet the rising demand for seafood. Aquaculture production has increased 50-fold since 1960 and now surpasses wild fish catch. Aquaculture can have positive or negative impacts on the environment, depending on the species, methods and location of farming. 

- Wild fish catch has not increased since the early 1990s and has remained relatively constant at around 90 to 95 million tonnes per year. However, many wild fish stocks are overexploited or fully exploited, meaning they are caught faster than they can reproduce to sustain population levels. Overfishing can have negative impacts on marine ecosystems, biodiversity and food security. 


Nutritional Value of Fish and Seafood
Fish and seafood are an excellent source of high-quality protein, containing all essential amino acids needed by the body. They also contain omega-3 fatty acids, which are crucial for maintaining heart health, reducing inflammation, and promoting brain function. In addition, fish and seafood are rich in vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin D, B vitamins, iron, and zinc. These nutrients are important for maintaining overall health and reducing the risk of chronic diseases.


Health Benefits of Consuming Fish and Seafood
Research has shown that consuming fish and seafood can provide a wide range of health benefits. For example, regular consumption of fish has been linked to a reduced risk of heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes. Omega-3 fatty acids found in fish and seafood have also been associated with improved brain function and a lower risk of depression. Additionally, some studies suggest that consuming fish may reduce the risk of certain cancers, such as breast and colon cancer.


Analysis of the Nutritional Value of Fatty Fish 

fatty fish, nutrition, omega-3 fatty acids, health benefits, cooking methods Mekdar


Choosing the Right Types of Fish and Seafood
While fish and seafood can provide many health benefits, it is important to choose the right types to maximize their nutritional value. Some species of fish, such as salmon, tuna, and sardines, are particularly rich in omega-3 fatty acids and other nutrients. On the other hand, some types of fish may contain high levels of mercury or other contaminants, which can be harmful to human health. It is important to choose fish and seafood that are sustainably sourced and low in contaminants.


Fish and seafood are an important part of a healthy and balanced diet, providing essential nutrients and offering numerous health benefits. By choosing the right types of fish and seafood and consuming them in moderation, individuals can improve their overall health and reduce their risk of chronic diseases.

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  1. Mozaffarian D, Rimm EB. Fish intake, contaminants, and human health: evaluating the risks and the benefits. JAMA. 2006;296(15):1885-99.
  2. Calder PC. Omega-3 fatty acids and inflammatory processes. Nutrients. 2010;2(3):355-74.
  3. Kromhout D, Yasuda S, Geleijnse JM, Shimokawa H. Fish oil and omega-3 fatty acids in cardiovascular disease: do they really work? Eur Heart J. 2012;33(4):436-43.
  4. Huang T, Bhulaidok S, Cai Z, et al. Fish consumption and risk of major chronic disease in middle-aged and older adults: a prospective study in UK Biobank. Eur J Epidemiol. 2021;36(2):165-178.
  5. Aune D, Keum N, Giovannucci E, et al. Fish consumption and incidence of cancer: a meta-analysis of cohort studies. BMC Med. 2017;15(1):159.
  6. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2020. Rome, Italy: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations; 2020.
  7. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Fish and Shellfish Program. https://www.epa.gov/fish-tech. Accessed April 9, 2023.
Waleed Foad

Dr. Waleed Foad

Physician Nutrition Consultant, For 15+ years

Master degree in Public Health, Majoring: Nutrition

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Alexandria University, Egypt.

Posted on
10 Apr 2023
Walaa Foula

Dr. Walaa Foula

Physician Nutrition Consultant, For 17+ years

Doctorate degree in Public Health, Majoring: Nutrition

Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

Alexandria University, Egypt.

Posted on
10 Apr 2023
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